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    The Continents of the World

    The Continents of the World: The world is divided into seven continents. The important details of these Seven Continents of the world are as given below:



    Name of the continent
    Particulars
    Asia
    (Largest)
    (44,579,000 km²)
    Total Countries
    49 and 5 disputed.
    Largest Country
    Chaina (9,596,961 km²); Capital: Beijing
    Smallest Country
    Maldweep (300 km²); Capital: Male
    Highest Peaks
    MT. Everest (8848 m), in Nepal.
    Longest River
    Yangzi (6,380 km)
    largest Lake
    Caspian Lake or Salt Lake (371,000 km²).
    Africa
    (2nd Large)
    (30,221,532 km²)

    Total Countries
    52 and 2 disputed.
    Largest Country
    Algeria (By Area: 2,381,741 km²);
    Capital: Algiers
    Nigeria (By Population); Capital: Abuja
    Smallest Country
    Gambia (11,300 km²); Capital: Banjul
    Highest Peaks
    MT. Kilimanjaro (5895 m) in Tanzania.
    Longest River
    Nile (6,995 km)
    Largest Lake
    Victoria Lake (68,870 km²).
    North America
    (3rd Large)
    (24,709,000 km²)
    Total Countries
    23
    Largest Country
    Canada(9,984,670 km², world’s second largest country); Capital: Ottawa
    Smallest Country
    St Kitts and Nevis (261 km², a two-island Nation); Capital: Basseterre
    Highest Peaks
    MT. Mckinley (6,194 m)
    Longest River
    Missouri (6,236 km)
    Largest Lake
    Superior Lake (82,103 km²)
    South America
    (4th Large)
    (17,840,000 km²)
    Total Countries
    12
    Largest Country
    Brazil (8,514,877 km²); Capital: Brasilia
    Smallest Country
    Suriname (165,000 km², Sovereign State); Capital: Paramaribo
    Highest Peaks
    MT. Aconcagua (6,962 m)
    Longest River
    Amazon (6,292 km)
    Largest Lake
    Lake Titicaca (58,000 km²)
    Antarctica
    (5th Large)
    (13,209,000 km²)
    Total Countries
    There are no countries in Antarctica. The U.S. and many other countries operate science stations there, but no nation owns the land
    Antarctica is a desert due to its cold climate. It is the coldest, windiest, and driest continent.
    Highest Peaks
    MT. Vinson (4,892 m)
    Lowest Point
    Within the Bentley Sub-glacial Trench (2,555 m, below sea level). The lowest point on Earth with Ice)
    Europe
    (6th Large)
    (10,180,000 km²)
    Total Countries
    50 and 6 partially recognised
    Largest Country
    Russia (17,075,400 km², world’s largest country); Capital: Moscow
    Smallest Country
    Vatican city (44,000 km², world’s smallest country); Capital: Rome
    Highest Peaks
    MT. Al’brus (5,642 m)
    Longest River
    Volga River (3,690 km)
    Largest Lake
    Lake Ladoga (17,700 km²)
    Australia
    (Smallest)
    (8,468,300 km²)
    Total Countries
    Is a continent comprising mainland Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, Seram, possibly Timor, and neighbouring islands.
    Largest Country
    Australia (7,692,024 km²); Capital: Canberra
    Smallest Country
    Tasmania (90,758 km², is an island State); Capital: Hobart
    Highest Peaks
    MT. Puncak jaya (4,888 m, known as Cartensz pyramid, in Indonesia).
    Longest River
    Darling (3,750 km)
    Largest Lake
    Lake Eyre (9,500 km²)



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    Item Reviewed: The Continents of the World Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Pranab Debnath
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