The Continents of the World

The Continents of the World: The world is divided into seven continents. The important details of these Seven Continents of the world are as given below:



Name of the continent
Particulars
Asia
(Largest)
(44,579,000 km²)
Total Countries
49 and 5 disputed.
Largest Country
Chaina (9,596,961 km²); Capital: Beijing
Smallest Country
Maldweep (300 km²); Capital: Male
Highest Peaks
MT. Everest (8848 m), in Nepal.
Longest River
Yangzi (6,380 km)
largest Lake
Caspian Lake or Salt Lake (371,000 km²).
Africa
(2nd Large)
(30,221,532 km²)

Total Countries
52 and 2 disputed.
Largest Country
Algeria (By Area: 2,381,741 km²);
Capital: Algiers
Nigeria (By Population); Capital: Abuja
Smallest Country
Gambia (11,300 km²); Capital: Banjul
Highest Peaks
MT. Kilimanjaro (5895 m) in Tanzania.
Longest River
Nile (6,995 km)
Largest Lake
Victoria Lake (68,870 km²).
North America
(3rd Large)
(24,709,000 km²)
Total Countries
23
Largest Country
Canada(9,984,670 km², world’s second largest country); Capital: Ottawa
Smallest Country
St Kitts and Nevis (261 km², a two-island Nation); Capital: Basseterre
Highest Peaks
MT. Mckinley (6,194 m)
Longest River
Missouri (6,236 km)
Largest Lake
Superior Lake (82,103 km²)
South America
(4th Large)
(17,840,000 km²)
Total Countries
12
Largest Country
Brazil (8,514,877 km²); Capital: Brasilia
Smallest Country
Suriname (165,000 km², Sovereign State); Capital: Paramaribo
Highest Peaks
MT. Aconcagua (6,962 m)
Longest River
Amazon (6,292 km)
Largest Lake
Lake Titicaca (58,000 km²)
Antarctica
(5th Large)
(13,209,000 km²)
Total Countries
There are no countries in Antarctica. The U.S. and many other countries operate science stations there, but no nation owns the land
Antarctica is a desert due to its cold climate. It is the coldest, windiest, and driest continent.
Highest Peaks
MT. Vinson (4,892 m)
Lowest Point
Within the Bentley Sub-glacial Trench (2,555 m, below sea level). The lowest point on Earth with Ice)
Europe
(6th Large)
(10,180,000 km²)
Total Countries
50 and 6 partially recognised
Largest Country
Russia (17,075,400 km², world’s largest country); Capital: Moscow
Smallest Country
Vatican city (44,000 km², world’s smallest country); Capital: Rome
Highest Peaks
MT. Al’brus (5,642 m)
Longest River
Volga River (3,690 km)
Largest Lake
Lake Ladoga (17,700 km²)
Australia
(Smallest)
(8,468,300 km²)
Total Countries
Is a continent comprising mainland Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, Seram, possibly Timor, and neighbouring islands.
Largest Country
Australia (7,692,024 km²); Capital: Canberra
Smallest Country
Tasmania (90,758 km², is an island State); Capital: Hobart
Highest Peaks
MT. Puncak jaya (4,888 m, known as Cartensz pyramid, in Indonesia).
Longest River
Darling (3,750 km)
Largest Lake
Lake Eyre (9,500 km²)



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