The Great oceans of the World

 The Great oceans of the World:The surface of the planet is approximately 71% of water and contains five (5) oceans. The details are given bellow:


Name of the ocean
Particulars
The Pacific Ocean
(Largest)
Area in sq. km.
165,200,000 (46% of Earth’s Surface)
Water Volume
710,000,000 cubic kilometers
Mean Depth
4,280 m
Highest Depth
10,911 m, at Mariana trench, The lowest known point on Earth.
Total Surface Area Includes: Bali Sea, Bering Sea, Bering Strait, Coral Sea, East China Sea, Gulf of Alaska, Gulf of Tonkin, Philippine Sea, Sea of Japan, Sea of Okhotsk, South China Sea, Tasman Sea, and other tributary water bodies.
Bordering countries and territories:
Sovereign nations: Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Guatemala, Honduras, Indonesia, Japan, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Nauru, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor-Leste,  Tonga, Tuvalu, United States(Alaska,Washington,Oregon,California,Hawaii).
Territories: American Samoa (USA), Baker Island(USA), Cook Islands (New Zealand), Coral Sea Islands(Australia), Easter Island (Chile), French Polynesia(France), Guam (USA), Hong Kong(China), Howland Island (USA), Jarvis Island(USA),  Johnston Island (USA), Kingman Reef (USA), Macau(China), Midway Atoll(USA), New Caledonia(France), Niue (New Zealand), Norfolk Island (Australia), Northern Mariana Islands(USA), Palmyra Atoll (USA), Pitcairn Islands (UK), Tokelau(New Zealand), Wallis and Futuna (France), Wake Island(USA).
Ports and terminals:
Bangkok (Thailand), Hong Kong (China), Kao-hsiung (Taiwan), Los Angeles (US), Manila (Philippines), Pusan (South Korea), San Francisco (US), Seattle (US), Shanghai (China), Singapore, Sydney (Australia), Vladivostok (Russia), Wellington (NZ), Yokohama (Japan)
Natural resources:
Oil and gas fields, polymetallic nodules, sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, fish.
The Atlantic Ocean
(Second Large)
Area in sq. km.
106,400,000  (22% of Earth's surface)
Water Volume
354,700,000 cubic kilometers
Mean Depth
3,339 m
Highest Depth
8,305 m, at Milwaukee Deep
Total Surface Area Includes:
Baltic Sea, Black Sea, Caribbean Sea, Davis Strait, Denmark Strait, part of the Drake Passage, Gulf of Mexico, Labrador Sea, Mediterranean Sea, North Sea, Norwegian Sea, almost all of the Scotia Sea, and other tributary water bodies.
Bordering Countries and Territories:
Europe:  Azores (PRT), Belgium, Denmark, Faroe Islands (DEN), France, Germany, Guernsey (UK), Iceland, Ireland, Isle of Man (UK), Jersey (UK), Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom
Africa: Angola, Benin, Bouvet Island (NOR), Cameroon, Canary Islands (ESP), Cape Verde, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast,  Liberia, Madeira (PRT), Mauritania, Morocco, Namibia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK), Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Togo, Western Sahara(claimed by Morocco)(MAR)
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Falkland Islands (UK), French Guiana (FRA), Guyana, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK), Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela
North and Central America: Belize, Bermuda (UK), Canada, Costa Rica, Greenland (DEN), Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Saint Pierre and Miquelon (FRA), United States
Caribbean: Anguilla (UK), Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba (NED), Bahamas, Barbados, Bonaire (NED), British Virgin Islands(UK), Cayman Islands (UK), Cuba, Curacao (NED), Dominica, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe (FRA), Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique (FRA), Montserrat (UK), Saba (NED), Puerto Rico (USA), Saint Barthélemy(FRA), Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Sint Maarten (NED), Saint Martin (FRA), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Eustatius (NED), Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands (UK), United States Virgin Islands (USA)
Ports and terminals:
Alexandria (Egypt), Algiers (Algeria), Antwerp (Belgium), Barcelona (Spain), Buenos Aires (Argentina), Casablanca (Morocco), Colon (Panama), Copenhagen (Denmark), Dakar (Senegal), Gdansk (Poland), Hamburg (Germany), Helsinki (Finland), Las Palmas (Canary Islands, Spain), Le Havre (France), Lisbon (Portugal), London (UK), Marseille (France), Montevideo (Uruguay), Montreal (Canada), Naples (Italy), New Orleans (US), New York (US), Oran (Algeria), Oslo (Norway), Piracies or Piraeus (Greece), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Rotterdam (Netherlands), Saint Petersburg (Russia), Stockholm (Sweden)
Natural resources:
oil and gas fields, fish, marine mammals (seals and whales), sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules, precious stones
The Indian Ocean
(Third large)
Area in sq. km.
73,556,000 (20% of Earth’s Surface)
Water Volume
292,131,000 cubic kilometers
Mean Depth
3,890 m
Highest Depth
8,047 m
Total Surface Area Includes:
Andaman Sea, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, Flores Sea, Great Australian Bight, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman, Java Sea, Mozambique Channel, Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Sauvé Sea, Strait of Malacca, Timor Sea, and other tributary water bodies.
Bordering Countries and Territories:
Africa: South Africa, Mozambique, Madagascar, French Southern and Antarctic Lands (FRA), France (Mayotte and Reunion), Mauritius, Comoros, Tanzania, Seychelles, Kenya, Somalia, Djibouti, Eritrea, Sudan, Egypt
Asia: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, India, Maldives, British Indian Ocean Territory (UK), Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Cocos (Keeling) Islands (AUS), Timor-Leste
Australasia: Ashmore and Cartier Islands (AUS), Indonesia, Australia
Southern Indian Ocean: Heard Island and McDonald Islands (AUS), French Southern and Antarctic Lands (FRA).
Ports and terminals:
Chennai (Madras; India), Colombo (Sri Lanka), Durban (South Africa), Jakarta (Indonesia), Kolkata (Calcutta; India) Melbourne (Australia), Mumbai (Bombay; India), Richards Bay (South Africa)
Natural resources:
The Indian Ocean oil and gas fields, fish, shrimp, sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules.
The Southern Ocean
(4th Large)
Area in sq. km.
20,327,000 (10% of Earth’s Surface)
Water Volume
71,800,000 cubic kilometers
Mean Depth
4,000 and 5,000 m
Highest Depth
7,236 m at the southern end of the South Sandwich Trench
Total Surface Area Includes:
Amundsen Sea, Bellingshausen Sea, part of the Drake Passage, Ross Sea, a small part of the Scotia Sea, Weddell Sea, and other tributary water bodies
Bordering Countries and Territories:
No countries border the Southern Ocean. The only major land mass it touches is Antarctica. The Southern Ocean extends from the coast of Antarctica to the 60 degree South line of Latitude. What is now the Southern Ocean was previously the southern most portions of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. The Southern Ocean incorporates the Amundsen Sea, Bellingshausen Sea, part of the Drake Passage, Ross Sea, a small part of the Scotia Sea, Weddell Sea, and other tributary water bodies.
Ports and terminals:
McMurdo, Palmer, and offshore anchorages in Antarctica.
Natural resources:
Probable large and possible giant oil and gas fields on the continental margin; manganese nodules, possible placer deposits, sand and gravel, fresh water as icebergs; squid, whales, and seals - none exploited; krill, fish.
The Arctic Ocean
(Smallest and shallowest)
Area in sq. km.
14,056,000 (2% of Earth’s Surface)
Water Volume
18,750,000 cubic kilometers
Mean Depth
3,240 m
Highest Depth
5,502 m, Fram Basin
Total Surface Area Includes:
Baffin Bay, Barents Sea, Beaufort Sea, Chukchi Sea, East Siberian Sea, Greenland Sea, Hudson Bay, Hudson Strait, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea, Northwest Passage, and other tributary water bodies
Bordering countries:
Russia, Norway, Iceland, Greenland, Canada and the United States.
Ports and terminals:
Churchill (Canada), Murmansk (Russia), Prudhoe Bay (US)
Natural resources:
Sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules, oil and gas fields, fish, marine mammals (seals and whales).


Share on Google Plus

    FB Comments
    Comments

0 comments:

Post a Comment